The coastal area of Orihuela city. Orihuela Costa consists of areas such as; Punta Prima, Playa Flamenca, Cabo Roig, La Zenia, La Regia, Dehesa de Campoamor and Mil Palmeras. Thus, its coastal area forms a tourist nucleus next to Torrevieja, Pilar de la Horadada and Guardamar del Segura.and municipality of the province of Alicante, in the Valencian Community, Spain.
Located in the southwestern corner of the province and adjacent to the Region of Murcia, it is the capital of the region of Vega Baja del Segura. With 86,826 inhabitants (INE 2009), its municipality is the sixth in population of the Valencian Community, of the municipal population, 32,609 correspond to the urban area of the city. Orihuela is also the first municipality in extension of the province of Alicante.
The city center is 23 meters above sea level. 40 km from the Coastal Area of Orihuela, located on the banks of the Segura river. The city stands out, among many things, for its cultural and natural heritage, especially for its historical center (declared historical-artistic and monumental), for its festivities, including its Holy Week (declared of international tourist interest), and for their beaches. This is where Orihuela Costa is.
Orihuela is the capital of the Vega Baja region of Segura and the judicial party of the same name. The capital of several historical territories such as the Cora de Tudmir, the General Procurement of Orihuela, the Orihuela Governorate or Ultra Xaxonam Governorate and, for a brief period of the reign of Felipe V de Borbon, was the capital of the Kingdom of Valencia.
The city is the seat of the Diocese of Orihuela, created after a large litigation in 1564 when segregating of the Diocese of Cartagena and constituted like sufragánea of the Metropolitan of Valencia. By Bulletin issued by Pope John XXIII in 1968 changed its name to that of Diocese of Orihuela Alicante, maintaining the city as the episcopal seat.
Orihuela is the historical capital of the so-called Vega Baja del Segura which corresponds to the Geographical Area of Orihuela's Huerta, the most important irrigated area in the province of Alicante, with more than 360,000 inhabitants and owes its wealth to the waters Of the Segura that fertilize the orchard oriolana. The city has suffered for many years the devastating floods of this river (1651, 1879, 1946, 1973, 1987) so it had to be channeled and not overflowed since 1989.
The extensive municipal term of Orihuela (fruit of its historical capital) constitutes, as already mentioned, the most extensive municipal term of the province of Alicante and the second most extensive of the Valencian Community (after Requena). It has several well-defined zones, such as the town, the orchard - where numerous pedanias are scattered - and the coast with 18 km of coastline with excellent beaches, coves and cliffs: Orihuela Costa consists of areas such as; Punta Prima, Playa Flamenca, Cabo Roig, La Zenia, La Regia, Dehesa de Campoamor and Mil Palmeras. Thus, its coastal area forms a tourist nucleus next to Torrevieja, Pilar de la Horadada and Guardamar del Segura.